El valor pronóstico de la resonancia magnética por difusión en recién nacidos con encefalopatía hipóxico isquémica

Autores/as

  • Eva-Marie Heursen
  • Amaya Zuazo Ojeda
  • Isabel Benavente Fernández
  • Simón Lubián López

Palabras clave:

encefalopatía hipóxico isquémica, recien nacidos, poster, seram, EHI

Resumen

Objetivos
Una de las causas más frecuentes de parálisis cerebral durante la infancia es la encefalopatía debido a eventos hipóxicos durante el parto. La hipotermia terapéutica es el tratamiento estándar en neonatos con encefalopatía hipóxico-isquémica (EHI) severa o moderada en la mayoría de los países con alto nivel socio-económico. No obstante, a pesar de la hipotermia terapéutica un 30-70% de los neonatos con EHI moderada o severa fallecen o sobreviven con alteraciones neurológicas importantes.

Material y métodos
Desde mayo de 2009 hasta junio de 2013 117 recién nacidos a término con EHI ingresaron en la UCI neonatal del Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar y fueron sometidos a hipotermia terapéutica (enfriamiento del cuerpo a una temperatura rectal de 33.5 ºC durante 72 horas). Todos los pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión para hipotermia terapéutica y mostraron signos clínicos de encefalopatía moderada o severa: Hipotonía, reflejos anómalos, succión débil o convulsiones.

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Citas

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Publicado

2018-11-22

Cómo citar

Heursen, E.-M., Zuazo Ojeda, A., Benavente Fernández, I., & Lubián López, S. (2018). El valor pronóstico de la resonancia magnética por difusión en recién nacidos con encefalopatía hipóxico isquémica. Seram. Recuperado a partir de https://piper.espacio-seram.com/index.php/seram/article/view/1602

Número

Sección

Neurorradiología

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